International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP B/2 RESISTANT THREELEAF ARROWHEAD
(Sagittaria trifolia)


ALS inhibitors (B/2)

South Korea
INTRODUCTION THREELEAF ARROWHEAD
Threeleaf Arrowhead (Sagittaria trifolia) is a monocot weed in the Alismataceae family.  In South Korea this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2011 and infests Rice.   Group B/2 herbicides are known as ALS inhibitors (Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, cinosulfuron, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Jan 22, 2014 )

Common NameThreeleaf Arrowhead
SpeciesSagittaria trifolia
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
Herbicidesazimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, cinosulfuron, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl
LocationSouth Korea
Year2011
Situation(s)Rice
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Tae Seon Park 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse, and Laboratory trials comparing a known susceptible Threeleaf Arrowhead biotype with this Threeleaf Arrowhead biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B/2 resistant Threeleaf Arrowhead have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group B/2 resistant Threeleaf Arrowhead from South Korea please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

TAE SEON PARK
Physiology Of Herbicide Action
National Institute Of Agricultural Science And Technology
Department Of Crop Protection
Dept of Plant Sciences
51 Campus Dr.,
Suweon, 441-707
South Korea
Email Tae Seon Park

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in South Korea have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Tae Seon Park for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Threeleaf Arrowhead Globally
(Sagittaria trifolia)
Herbicide Resistant Threeleaf Arrowhead Globally
(Sagittaria trifolia)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Threeleaf Arrowhead Globally
(Sagittaria trifolia)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 ChinaChina 2014 Rice bensulfuron-methyl, bispyribac-sodium, penoxsulam, and pyribenzoxim 9 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
294Sagittaria trifoliaThreeleaf Arrowhead17139
2 JapanJapan 1997 Rice bensulfuron-methyl 25 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
294Sagittaria trifoliaThreeleaf Arrowhead7765
3 South KoreaSouth Korea 2011 Rice azimsulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, cinosulfuron, ethoxysulfuron, halosulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 27 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
294Sagittaria trifoliaThreeleaf Arrowhead7851
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Wednesday, October 16, 2019 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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