International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
HRAC GROUP 9 (LEGACY G) RESISTANT SUMATRAN FLEABANE
(Conyza sumatrensis)


Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase HRAC Group 9 (Legacy G)

Australia, Queensland
INTRODUCTION BLACKGRASS
Blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family.  In Belgium this weed first evolved multiple resistance (to 4 herbicide sites of action) in 1996 and infests Fallow.  Multiple resistance has evolved to herbicides in the Groups 1 (Legacy A), Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B), PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2), and Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly 2 HRAC Group 3 (Legacy K1).  These particular biotypes are known to have resistance to glyphosate and they may be cross-resistant to other herbicides in the Groups 1 (Legacy A), Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B), PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2), and Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly 2 HRAC Group 3 (Legacy K1).

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Nov 21, 2000 )

Common NameBlackgrass
SpeciesAlopecurus myosuroides
GroupInhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase HRAC Group 1 (Legacy A)

Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase HRAC Group 2 (Legacy B)

PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders HRAC Group 5 (Legacy C1 C2)

Inhibition of Microtubule Assembly 2 HRAC Group 3 (Legacy K1)
Herbicidesglyphosate
LocationBelgium
Year1996
Situation(s)Fallow
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Bhagirath Chauhan 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Field, and Greenhouse trials comparing a known susceptible Blackgrass biotype with this Blackgrass biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on HRAC Group 1, 2, 5, 3 resistant Blackgrass have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of multiple resistant Blackgrass from Belgium please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

BHAGIRATH CHAUHAN
Principal Research Fellow & Weed Team Leader
The University of Queensland
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Room 125, Building 8103
Post Box 1218
Gatton, 4343, Queensland
Australia
Email Bhagirath Chauhan
Web   : Web Site Link

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Belgium have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Bhagirath Chauhan for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Sumatran Fleabane Globally
(Conyza sumatrensis)
Herbicide Resistant Sumatran Fleabane Globally
(Conyza sumatrensis)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Sumatran Fleabane Globally
(Conyza sumatrensis)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 Australia (Queensland) AustraliaQueensland2018 Fallow, and Wheat paraquat 1 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane17148
2 Australia (Queensland) AustraliaQueensland2018 Fallow glyphosate 1 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane18161
3 BrazilBrazil 2010 Corn (maize), and Soybean glyphosate 5 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5577
4 BrazilBrazil 2011 Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl 5 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5647
5 BrazilBrazil 2011 Corn (maize), and Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl, and glyphosate 5 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5648
6 BrazilBrazil 2016 Soybean paraquat 5 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane16082
7 BrazilBrazil 2017 Soybean saflufenacil 5 Inhibition of Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase (E/14)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane17099
8 BrazilBrazil 2017 Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl, glyphosate, and paraquat 5 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane17102
9 BrazilBrazil 2017 Soybean 2,4-D, diuron, glyphosate, paraquat, and saflufenacil 5 Multiple Resistance: 5 Sites of Action
PSII inhibitors - Serine 264 Binders (C1 C2/7)
PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
Inhibition of Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase (E/14)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
Auxin Mimics (O/4)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane17135
10 FranceFrance 2010 Grapes glyphosate 17 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane9932
11 FranceFrance 2016 Grapes flazasulfuron, iodosulfuron-methyl-Na, mesosulfuron-methyl, and penoxsulam 17 Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane17114
12 FranceFrance 2016 Grapes flazasulfuron, glyphosate, iodosulfuron-methyl-Na, mesosulfuron-methyl, and penoxsulam 17 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane17115
13 GreeceGreece 2012 Grapes, Olive, and Orchards glyphosate 19 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5691
14 JapanJapan 1986 Mulberry, Orchards, and Roadsides diquat, and paraquat 25 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane126
15 MalaysiaMalaysia 1990 Vegetables paraquat 28 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane138
16 ParaguayParaguay 2017 Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl, glyphosate, and paraquat 46 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
Inhibition of Acetolactate Synthase (B/2)
PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane18153
17 SpainSpain 2009 Orchards glyphosate 38 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5481
18 Sri LankaSri Lanka 1998 Tea paraquat 39 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane1184
19 TaiwanTaiwan 1980 Cropland, Railways, and Roadsides paraquat 42 PS I Electron Diversion (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane214
20 TurkeyTurkey 2019 Peaches glyphosate 71 Inhibition of Enolpyruvyl Shikimate Phosphate Synthase (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane18164
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