International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP B/2 RESISTANT DISC WATERHYSSOP
(Bacopa rotundifolia)


ALS inhibitors (B/2)

Japan, Kagoshima
INTRODUCTION DISC WATERHYSSOP
Disc Waterhyssop (Bacopa rotundifolia) is a dicot weed in the Scrophulariaceae family.  In Japan this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2007 and infests Rice.   Group B/2 herbicides are known as ALS inhibitors (Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to bensulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Dec 29, 2013 )

Common NameDisc Waterhyssop
SpeciesBacopa rotundifolia
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
Herbicidesbensulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl
LocationJapan, Kagoshima
Year2007
Situation(s)Rice
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Satoshi Iwakami, and Akira Uchino 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse, and Laboratory trials comparing a known susceptible Disc Waterhyssop biotype with this Disc Waterhyssop biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B/2 resistant Disc Waterhyssop have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group B/2 resistant Disc Waterhyssop from Japan please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

SATOSHI IWAKAMI
Weed Scientist
University of Tsukuba
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences
1-1-1 Tennoudai
Tsukuba, 305-8577, Ibaraki
Japan
Email Satoshi Iwakami
AKIRA UCHINO
Weed Scientist
NARO Agricultural Research Center
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences
3-1-1 Kannondai
Tsukuba, 305-8666, Ibaraki
Japan
Email Akira Uchino

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Japan have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Satoshi Iwakami, and Akira Uchino for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Disc Waterhyssop Globally
(Bacopa rotundifolia)
Herbicide Resistant Disc Waterhyssop Globally
(Bacopa rotundifolia)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Disc Waterhyssop Globally
(Bacopa rotundifolia)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 JapanJapan 2007 Rice bensulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 25 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
213Bacopa rotundifoliaDisc Waterhyssop7800
2 MalaysiaMalaysia 2000 Rice bensulfuron-methyl, metsulfuron-methyl, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 28 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
213Bacopa rotundifoliaDisc Waterhyssop5206
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Wednesday, June 19, 2019 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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