International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP C1/5 RESISTANT YELLOW FOXTAIL
(Setaria pumila (=S. glauca))


Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)

Canada, Ontario
INTRODUCTION YELLOW FOXTAIL
Yellow Foxtail (Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family.  In Ontario this weed first evolved resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1981 and infests Corn (maize), and Cropland.   Group C1/5 herbicides are known as Photosystem II inhibitors (Inhibition of photosynthesis at photosystem II).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to atrazine and they may be cross-resistant to other Group C1/5 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Jun 06, 2000 )

Common NameYellow Foxtail
SpeciesSetaria pumila (=S. glauca)
GroupPhotosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
Herbicidesatrazine
LocationCanada, Ontario
Year1981
Situation(s)Corn (maize), and Cropland
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Clarence Swanton 
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NOTES ABOUT THIS BIOTYPE

AREAS FOUND

Clarence Swanton
Found in Waterloo, Grey, and York counties.

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GENERAL

Hugh Beckie
G. R. Stephenson, M. D. Dykstra, R. D. McLaren, and A. S. Hamill. 1990. Agronomic practices influencing triazine-resistant weed distribution in Ontario. Weed Technol. 4:199-207.

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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Field, Greenhouse, and Laboratory trials comparing a known susceptible Yellow Foxtail biotype with this Yellow Foxtail biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group C1/5 resistant Yellow Foxtail have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

Triazine resistant weeds often exhibit a lower relative fitness when compared to susceptible biotypes.  The most common mutation conferring triazine resistance (Ser 264 to Gly mutation of the psbA gene) also causes a reduction in CO2 fixation, quantum yield, and seed and biomass production.  There is no record in this database referring specifically to fitness studies on Group C1/5 resistant Yellow Foxtail from Ontario.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

CLARENCE SWANTON
University Of Guelph
Dept. Of Crop Science
Ontario Agricultural College
PO Box 249
Guelph, N1G 2W1, Ontario
Canada
Email Clarence Swanton

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Ontario have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Clarence Swanton for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Yellow Foxtail Globally
(Setaria pumila (=S. glauca))
Herbicide Resistant Yellow Foxtail Globally
(Setaria pumila (=S. glauca))
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Yellow Foxtail Globally
(Setaria pumila (=S. glauca))
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 Canada (Ontario) CanadaOntario1981 Corn (maize), and Cropland atrazine 7 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
150Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)Yellow Foxtail64
2 FranceFrance 1981 Corn (maize) atrazine 17 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
150Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)Yellow Foxtail469
3 SpainSpain 1987 Corn (maize) atrazine 38 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
150Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)Yellow Foxtail179
4 United States (Maryland) United StatesMaryland1984 Corn (maize), and Cropland atrazine, cyanazine, and simazine 45 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
150Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)Yellow Foxtail427
5 United States (Minnesota) United StatesMinnesota1997 Soybean imazethapyr 45 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
150Setaria pumila (=S. glauca)Yellow Foxtail506
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