International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
MULTIPLE RESISTANT SUMATRAN FLEABANE
(Conyza sumatrensis)


Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)

Brazil, Paraná
INTRODUCTION SUMATRAN FLEABANE
Sumatran Fleabane (Conyza sumatrensis) is a dicot weed in the Asteraceae family.  In Brazil this weed first evolved multiple resistance (to 2 herbicide sites of action) in 2011 and infests Corn (maize), and Soybean.  Multiple resistance has evolved to herbicides in the Groups B/2, and G/9.  These particular biotypes are known to have resistance to chlorimuron-ethyl, and glyphosate and they may be cross-resistant to other herbicides in the Groups B/2, and G/9.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Jun 06, 2012 )

Common NameSumatran Fleabane
SpeciesConyza sumatrensis
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Herbicideschlorimuron-ethyl, and glyphosate
LocationBrazil, Paraná
Year2011
Situation(s)Corn (maize), and Soybean
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Jamil Constantin, Rubem Oliveira, and Gizelly Santos 
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NOTES ABOUT THIS BIOTYPE

GENERAL

Alessandra Constantin Francischini

 MULTIPLE RESISTANCE OF Conyza sumatrensis TO CHLORIMURONETHYL AND TO GLYPHOSATE

Resistência Múltipla de Conyza sumatrensis ao Chlorimuron-Ethyl e ao Glyphosate

SANTOS, G., OLIVEIRA JR., R.S., CONSTANTIN, J., FRANCISCHINI, A. C., and OSIPE, J. B.

Planta Daninha, Viçosa-MG, v. 32, n. 2, p. 409-416, 2014  

Get PDF of Paper Here

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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse trials comparing a known susceptible Sumatran Fleabane biotype with this Sumatran Fleabane biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B, G/2, 9 resistant Sumatran Fleabane have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of multiple resistant Sumatran Fleabane from Brazil please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

JAMIL CONSTANTIN
Associate Professor
Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Departamento de Agronomia
Av. Colombo
5790
Maringá, PR, 87020-900, Paraná
Brazil
Email Jamil Constantin
Web   : Web Site Link
RUBEM OLIVEIRA
Associate Professor
Universidade Estadual De Maringá - Departamento De Agronomia
Núcleo De Estudos Avançados Em Ciência Das Plantas Daninhas
Av. Colombo 5790
Maringá, 87020-900, Paraná
Brazil
Email Rubem Oliveira
Web   : Web Site Link
GIZELLY SANTOS
PhD Student
Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Departamento de Agronomia
Av. Colombo
5790
Maringá, 87020-900, Paraná
Brazil
Email Gizelly Santos
Web   : Web Site Link

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Brazil have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Jamil Constantin, Rubem Oliveira, and Gizelly Santos for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Sumatran Fleabane Globally
(Conyza sumatrensis)
Herbicide Resistant Sumatran Fleabane Globally
(Conyza sumatrensis)
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Herbicide Resistant Sumatran Fleabane Globally
(Conyza sumatrensis)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 BrazilBrazil 2010 Corn (maize), and Soybean glyphosate 5 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5577
2 BrazilBrazil 2011 Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl 5 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5647
3 BrazilBrazil 2011 Corn (maize), and Soybean chlorimuron-ethyl, and glyphosate 5 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5648
4 FranceFrance 2010 Grapes glyphosate 17 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane9932
5 GreeceGreece 2012 Grapes, Olive, and Orchards glyphosate 19 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5691
6 JapanJapan 1986 Mulberry, Orchards, and Roadsides diquat, and paraquat 25 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane126
7 MalaysiaMalaysia 1990 Vegetables paraquat 28 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane138
8 SpainSpain 2009 Orchards glyphosate 38 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane5481
9 Sri LankaSri Lanka 1998 Tea paraquat 39 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane1184
10 TaiwanTaiwan 1980 Cropland, Railways, and Roadsides paraquat 42 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
65Conyza sumatrensisSumatran Fleabane214
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