International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
GROUP B/2 RESISTANT RICE FLATSEDGE
(Cyperus iria)


ALS inhibitors (B/2)

Venezuela
INTRODUCTION RICE FLATSEDGE
Rice Flatsedge (Cyperus iria) is a monocot weed in the Cyperaceae family.  In Venezuela this weed first evolved resistance to Group B/2 herbicides in 2015 and infests Rice.   Group B/2 herbicides are known as ALS inhibitors (Inhibition of acetolactate synthase ALS (acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS)).  Research has shown that these particular biotypes are resistant to pyrazosulfuron-ethyl and they may be cross-resistant to other Group B/2 herbicides.

The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. To see a full list of herbicides and HRAC herbicide classifications click here.

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QUIK STATS (last updated Feb 01, 2016 )

Common NameRice Flatsedge
SpeciesCyperus iria
GroupALS inhibitors (B/2)
Herbicidespyrazosulfuron-ethyl
LocationVenezuela
Year2015
Situation(s)Rice
Contributors - (Alphabetically)Aida Ortiz 
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ACADEMIC ASPECTS

Confirmation Tests

Greenhouse, and Laboratory trials comparing a known susceptible Rice Flatsedge biotype with this Rice Flatsedge biotype have been used to confirm resistance. For further information on the tests conducted please contact the local weed scientists that provided this information.
 
Genetics

Genetic studies on Group B/2 resistant Rice Flatsedge have not been reported to the site.  There may be a note below or an article discussing the genetics of this biotype in the Fact Sheets and Other Literature
 
Mechanism of Resistance

The mechanism of resistance for this biotype is either unknown or has not been entered in the database.  If you know anything about the mechanism of resistance for this biotype then please update the database.
 
Relative Fitness

There is no record of differences in fitness or competitiveness of these resistant biotypes when compared to that of normal susceptible biotypes.  If you have any information pertaining to the fitness of Group B/2 resistant Rice Flatsedge from Venezuela please update the database.
 
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CONTRIBUTING WEED SCIENTISTS

AIDA ORTIZ
Professor
Universidad Central De Venezuela
Agronomia
Avenida Universidad. Campus Maracay
Maracay, 2101, Aragua
Venezuela
Email Aida Ortiz
Web   : Web Site Link

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Herbicide Resistance Action Committee, The Weed Science Society of America, and weed scientists in Venezuela have been instrumental in providing you this information. Particular thanks is given to Aida Ortiz for providing detailed information.
Herbicide Resistant Rice Flatsedge Globally
(Cyperus iria)
Herbicide Resistant Rice Flatsedge Globally
(Cyperus iria)
Drag a column header and drop it here to group by that column
Herbicide Resistant Rice Flatsedge Globally
(Cyperus iria)
#CountryFirstYearSituationActive IngredientsSite of Action
1 BrazilBrazil 2014 Rice bispyribac-sodium, imazapic, imazethapyr, penoxsulam, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 5 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
266Cyperus iriaRice Flatsedge13040
2 United States (Arkansas) United StatesArkansas2010 Rice bispyribac-sodium, halosulfuron-methyl, imazamox, imazethapyr, and penoxsulam 45 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
266Cyperus iriaRice Flatsedge5560
3 United States (Louisiana) United StatesLouisiana2013 Rice halosulfuron-methyl 45 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
266Cyperus iriaRice Flatsedge7785
4 VenezuelaVenezuela 2015 Rice pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 80 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
266Cyperus iriaRice Flatsedge11015
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Friday, December 15, 2017 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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